In practice, Smart Cities today have a rather limited scope of governance.
In practice, they have control over their energy consumption, for example, but they do not manage modes of transport such as trains. Similarly, the management of video protection is only done locally, at the municipal level.
At the European and French levels, infrastructure governance is itself quite compartmentalised. However, centralisation of management is a condition for technical optimisation and overall cost reduction. However, it is likely that, increasingly, the development and optimisation of cities will be the result of an approach that will involve stakeholders more closely, as in Angers.
Therefore, with their partners, Equans teams, who already know how to handle the equipment needs of Smart Cities, will be able to manage much higher levels of mutualisation.